Vintage Fender Custom Colors
I've always thought that there was something mysterious and fascinating about the original Fender custom colors. Partly because of the history but also because of the misconceptions and myths.
There is a lot of confusion and misunderstanding about what colors were available and when they were originally offered. There are even some colors that didn't even really exist at all. And when it comes to the actual finish types it can get even more confusing.
The first thing to understand is what type of finishes Fender was using during the late 1950's and early 1960's.
All of the original custom colors were based on automotive colors available at the time from the big car manufacturers. Fender was simply using the same finishes that were supplied to those companies for it's own instruments.
Originally Fender only did custom colors upon request and the customer could choose whatever color they wanted, a truly custom color option. But in 1958 Fender standardized all their custom colors and what they offered was what you had to choose from.
Fender's main supplier at the time was DuPont, which used two basic types of finishes. Duco: a brand name for nitrocellulose lacquer and Lucite: a brand name for acrylic lacquer. Depending on the color either one of these finishes was used on Fender instruments. Now I know what many have must be thinking, "I thought Fender only used nitrocellulose lacquer back then". Well they didn't....classic custom colors like Olympic White, Lake Placid Blue, and Burgundy Mist were acrylic lacquers.
Keep in mind that we're talking about the color coat only and both of these finishes were lacquers. Nitrocellulose lacquer uses a celluloid based binder and acrylic lacquer uses an acrylic based binder. Fender then covered both types of coats with a nitrocellulose clear coat, so yes Fender did technically use nitrocellulose on all it's basses back then...usually.
There have been some cases when Fender didn't use the nitrocellulose clear top coat on certain basses. Most likely these were rush jobs and that step was skipped depending on the color and how fast they needed the bass. A few Olympic White basses never received the nitro top coat and as a result they didn't yellow like most do as they aged, instead keeping their original white finish to this day. Most of these examples tend to be from the early 1960's.
Remember that the Olympic white base coat was an acrylic lacquer and therefore did not yellow over time, however most of those Fenders got the clear nitro top coat over the white which would yellow the color significantly over time, mostly due to UV light, smoke and other environmental factors. That's why you sometimes see yellowed vintage Olympic White basses with whiter areas where the finish has worn through the nitro top coat to the acrylic base coat.
The only basses were this never happened were ones finished with a metallic color. All metallic finishes had to have the clear nitro top coat otherwise the paint would oxidize very quickly. The non metallic finishes, called the pastel colors did not need the top coat although they usually got one anyway. A metallic color like Lake Placid Blue was acrylic based but because they all received the nitro top coat the color would often change over time...sometimes radically. Many vintage Lake Placid Blue Fenders today look quite green and are sometimes confused with other Fender colors like Ocean Turquoise or Sherwood Green.
The tendency for vintage colors to change over time as led to one of the biggest Fender custom color mysteries of all. Coral or Coral Pink and Salmon Pink have been rumored for years to be rare Fender custom colors, only turning up now and then. In reality Fender never offered these colors, they were most likely Fiesta Red (which has lots of pink in it) that had faded over the years and turned a much lighter shade.
Keep in mind that Fender did not always use the exact same paint every year or even every month. Although the paints were originally supplied by DuPont and all the color chips that were used as a reference were from DuPont, Fender would use whatever paint supplier was the best deal at the time. So even though they matched the paint as best they could to the color chips some colors varied a little over the years.
Another interesting thing about the custom colors is which bodies Fender would choose for them. Generally speaking Fender would try to use bodies that had less than stellar wood grain. As most of the standard basses back then were sunburst finishes and the wood grain would be seen, Fender of course wanted to use only the best looking wood bodies for that finish. Fender would usually use the inferior looking bodies for all the custom colors, being that no one was going to see the wood anyway.
But that was not always the case. If Fender was in a real hurry or if there was a botched sunburst finish handy (and there always was) they would sometimes spray a custom color right over a sunburst body. It made financial sense too, since re-doing a sunburst finish was more time consuming than just spraying it with a solid color and even using a perfectly good sunburst body for a rush job eliminated other lengthy prepping steps, plus Fender charged an extra 5% on all custom colors so any way they could speed up the process meant more profit for them and happier customers and vendors getting their basses quicker.
Fender Vintage Custom Colors 1958-73 (*)Metallic color
Black (Duco) 1958-Present
Burgundy Mist* (Lucite) 1960-65
Candy Apple Red* (N/A) 1963-73
Charcoal Frost* (Lucite) 1965-69
Dakota Red (Duco) 1960-69
Daphne Blue (Duco) 1960-65
Fiesta Red (Duco) 1960-69
Firemist Gold* (Lucite) 1965-71
Firemist Silver* (Lucite) 1965-71
Ice Blue* (Lucite) 1965-69
Inca Silver* (Lucite) 1960-65
Lake Placid Blue* (Lucite) 1960-73
Ocean Turquoise* (Lucite) 1965-71
Olympic White (Lucite) 1958-Present
Sea Foam Green (Duco) 1960-69
Shell Pink (Duco) 1960-63
Sherwood Green* (Duco) 1960-65
Shoreline Gold* (Lucite) 1960-65
Sonic Blue (Duco) 1960-72
Surf Green (Duco) 1960-65
Teal Green* (Lucite) 1965-69